Hacking is one of the hottest professions in this decade, but don’t make it an easy task. You must have a deep knowledge of computer systems, programming languages, and operating systems. Some people think that hacking is always an illegal thing, but they are wrong. In fact, many large companies hire hackers to protect their systems and information at high salaries. I prepared a list of the 12 most important steps needed to be a hacker, and have an in-depth understanding.
1. Learning UNIX / LINUX
UNIX / Linux is an open source operating system that provides better secure computer systems. It was first developed by AT & T Bell Labs and has contributed a lot to the world of security. You should install the free open source version of LINUX on your desktop because it is impossible to become a hacker without learning UNIX / LINUX.
2. Programming in C
UNIX / LINUX operating system is developed using C language, so using C language in UNIX / LINUX operating system is more advantageous than other languages. The C language was developed by Dennis Ridge in the late 1970s. To become a hacker you should master C.
3. Learn multiple programming languages
It is important to learn multiple programming languages in the field of hacking, such as Python, JAVA, C ++.
4. Learn network concepts
Another important step to becoming a hacker is to be good at network concepts and understand how networks are created. You need to understand the differences between different types of networks. You must have a clear understanding of TCP / IP and UDP. Understanding LAN, WAN, VPN, and firewall are also very important.
You must learn to use network tools such as Wireshark, NMAP for packet analysis, network scanning, etc.
5. Learn multiple operating systems
It is vital that hackers learn multiple operating systems. There are many other operating systems besides Windows, UNIX / LINUX, etc., each system has vulnerabilities and hackers need to take advantage of it.
6. Learn cryptography
To be a successful hacker, you must master the art of passwords. Encryption and decryption are important skills for hackers. Encryption is performed extensively on several aspects of identity verification, confidentiality and data integrity information system security. Information on a network is transmitted in encrypted forms, such as passwords. When hacking a system, these encrypted codes need to be decrypted.
7. Learn more hacking techniques
Learn various tutorials and books written by experts in the field of hacking. In the field of hacking, learning is endless, as security updates in the system change daily.
8. Multiple practices
After learning some concepts, sit back and practice. Set goals for your own practice. You need a good computer system with some tools, and may also need a powerful processor, RAM, etc., constantly testing and learning until you enter the system.
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9. Writing Vulnerable Programs
The loophole is the door through which it enters the system. By scanning the system, network, etc., try to write your own program and use the system to find vulnerabilities.
10. Promote open source security projects
An open source computer security project can help you exercise and test your hacking skills. Some organizations such as Mozilla, APACHE provide open source projects. Contributing or being part of it, even if your contribution is small, it will be of great value to improve your field.
11. Endless learning
Learning is the key to success in the hacker world. Continuous learning and practice make you the best hacker. Stay tuned for changes in security updates and learn new ways to hack the system.
12. Participate in discussions and exchanges
The most important thing for a hacker is to participate in a community or forum, discuss with other hackers around the world, share their knowledge and work for a team.